Drug Testing FAQ’s
Drug testing is that the evaluation of a urine, blood, or other sorts of biological sample to determine if the subject has been using the drug or drugs in question. There are many circumstances that will result in drug testing:
- Pre-employment or random, work-related drug testing to spot on-the-job drug abuse
- Drug testing for school or professional athletes
- Post-accident drug testing – a vehicular or on-the-job accident that will have involved human error and resulted in casualties or property damage
- Safety-related – if an employee’s job may lead to questions of safety issues if a judgment or physical ability were impaired
Drug testing is usually done when applying for employment, especially for positions that will involve federal transportation, airline industries, railways, and other workplaces where public safety is of the utmost importance. However, workplace drug testing is now common normally for several U.S. employers to minimize the impact of drug abuse and lower productivity within the workplace. The Surgeon General reported that alcohol and drug abuse, including tobacco costs the economy $524 billion annually. In 1997, it absolutely was reported that 5.4 percent of all workers tested positive for illicit drug use. Many companies may offer employee assistance programs to support substance abuse treatment.
Workplace drug screening is primarily limited to drugs with the potential for abuse, including some prescribed drugs, and alcohol. Prescription drug abuse has been reported as a growing problem within the U.S. Sports drug testing could also be required for college-level and professional athletes. Illegal recreational drugs, performance-enhancing drugs like anabolic steroids, erythropoietin, diuretics, recombinant human growth factors, alcohol, or other drugs could also be required in sports testing.
Pre-employment workplace drug testing usually requires that the applicant provides a urine sample, but can also infrequently require blood, saliva, sweat, or hair. In certain jobs, especially people who require a high level of safety, employees are also subject to random drug screening, as well. Random drug screening may be used in instances of workplace accidents, and if the employer has suspicion that the worker is abusing drugs. Random drug testing may occur without cause for suspicion depending upon company policy.